School of Computing

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

 

Publications of Eric Atwell from 1980 to 2007

[161] Atwell, E. Development of tag sets for part-of-speech tagging in: Anke Lüdeling and Merja Kytö (editors) Corpus Liuistics: An International Handbook Mouton de Gruyter. Accepted but not yet published.

[160] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. Prosodic phrase break prediction: problems in the evaluation of models against a gold standard. Traitement Automatique des Langues Journal, vol. 48.1. 2008.

[159] Atwell, Eric; Abu Shawar, Bayan. An AI-inspired intelligent agent/student architecture to combine language resources research and teaching in: Proceedings of LREC'08: Language Resources and Evaluation Conference. 2008.

[158] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. ProPOSEL: A prosody and POS English lexicon for language engineering in: Proceedings of LREC'08: Language Resources and Evaluation Conference. 2008.

[157] Sawalha, Majdi; Atwell, Eric. Comparative evaluation of Arabic language morphological analysers and stemmers in: Proceedings of COLING 2008 22nd International Conference on Comptational Linguistics. 2008.

[156] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. ProPOSEL: a human-oriented prosody and PoS English lexicon for machine learning and NLP in: Proceedings of COLING 2008, CogALex Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of the Lexicon. 2008.

[155] Atwell, Eric; Brierley, Claire. Combining teaching and research in text-mining from social and cultural data in: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on e-Social Science, Workshop on Text Mining Applications in the Social Sciences. 2008.

[154] Atwell, Eric; Abbas, Noorhan; Abu Shawar, Bayan; Alsaif, Amal; Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Roberts, Andrew; Sawalha, Majdi. Mapping Middle Eastern and North African diasporas: Arabic corpus linguistics research at the University of Leeds in: Proceedings of BRISMES Conference 2008. 2008.

[153] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Different measurement metrics to evaluate a chatbot system in: Proceedings of the NAACL'07 Workshop: Bridging the Gap: Academic and Industrial Research in Dialog Technologies, pp. 89-96 Association for Computational Linguistics. 2007.

[152] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Chatbots: Sind Sie wirklich nu"tzlich? (are they really useful?). LDV-Forum Journal for Computational Linguistics and Language Technology, vol. 22, pp. 31-50. 2007.

[151] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Fostering language learner autonomy via adaptive conversation in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[150] Atwell, Eric; Roberts, Andy. CHEAT: combinatory hybrid elementary analysis of text in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[149] Atwell, Eric. A cross-language methodology for corpus Part-of-Speech tag-set development in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[148] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. Corpus-based evaluation of prosodic phrase break prediction in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[147] Nancarrow, Owen; Atwell, Eric. A comparative study of the tagging of adverbs in modern English corpora in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[146] Atwell, Eric; Arshad, Junaid; Lai, Chien-Ming; Nim, Lan; Rezapour Ashregi, Noushin; Wang, Josiah; Washtell, Justin. Which English dominates the World Wide Web, British or American? in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[145] Atwell, Eric. A cross-language methodology for corpus Part-of-Speech tag-set development in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2007. 2007.

[144] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. An approach for detecting prosodic phrase boundaries in spoken English. ACM Crossroads journal, vol. 14.1. 2007.

[143] Brierley, Claire; Atwell, Eric. Using Nltk_lite's Chunk Parser to Detect Prosodic Phrase Boundaries in the Aix-MARSEC Corpus of Spoken English University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 2007.02. 2007.

[142] Atwell, E; Shawar, B A; Roberts, A; Al-Sulaiti, L. Unsupervised learning of linguistic significance in: Barber, S, Baxter, P D, Mardia, K V and Walls, R E (editors) Interdisciplinary Statistics and Bioinformatics, pp. 107-108 University of Leeds. 2006.

[141] Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. The design of a corpus of contemporary Arabic. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, vol. 11, pp. 135-171. 2006.

[140] Roberts, Andrew; Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. aConCorde: Towards an open-source, extendable concordancer for Arabic. Corpora journal, vol. 1, pp. 39-57. 2006.

[139] Atwell, Eric; Roberts, Andrew. Combinatory hybrid elementary analysis of text in: Kurimo, M, Creutz, M and Lagus, K (editors) Proceedings of the PASCAL Challenge Workshop on Unsupervised Segmentation of Words into Morphemes. 2006.

[138] Abu Shawar, B; Atwell, E. Modelling turn-taking in a corpus-trained chatbot in: Fisseni, B, Schmitz, H-C, Schroder, B and Wagner, P (editors) Sprachtechnologie, mobile Kommunikation und linguistische Ressourcen, pp. 549-561 Peter Lang Verlag. 2005.

[137] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. A chatbot system as a tool to animate a corpus. ICAME Journal, vol. 29, pp. 5-24. 2005.

[136] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Using corpora in machine-learning chatbot systems. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, vol. 10, pp. 489-516. 2005.

[135] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric; Roberts, Andrew. FAQchat as in Information Retrieval system in: Vetulani, Z (editors) Human Language Technologies as a Challenge for Computer Science and Linguistics: Proceedings of the 2nd Language and Technology Conference, pp. 274-278. 2005.

[134] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Re-creating dialogues from corpora in: Proceedings of CL2005 Workshop on Using Corpora for Natural Language Generation. 2005.

[133] Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Roberts, Andrew; Atwell, Eric. The use of corpora and concordance in the teaching of contemporary Arabic in: Proceedings of EuroCALL 2005. 2005.

[132] Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. Extending the corpus of contemporary Arabic in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2005. 2005.

[131] Roberts, Andrew; Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. aConCorde: towards a proper concordance of Arabic in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2005. 2005.

[130] Elliott, Debbie; Atwell, Eric; Hartley, Tony. Using corpora to automatically detect untranslated and outrageous words in machine translation output in: Proceedings of Corpus Linguistics 2005. 2005.

[129] Atwell, Eric. Web chatbots: the next generation of speech systems?. European CEO journal, vol. November-December, pp. 142-144. 2005.

[128] Atwell, Eric. Sleeping with the enemy: infiltrating AI into the broader curriculum in: Fasli, M (editors) Proceedings of 1st UK Workshop on Artificial Intelligence in Education Higher Education Academy. 2005.

[127] Elliott, Debbie; Atwell, Eric; Hartley, Anthony. Compiling and using a shareable parallel corpus for MT evaluation in: Proceedings of the Workshop on The Amazing Utility of Parallel and Comparable Corpora. Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 18-21. 2004.

[126] Atwell, Eric. Clustering of word types and unification of word tokens into grammatical word-classes in: Bel, B and Marlien, I (editors) Proceedings of TALN04: XI Conference sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Volume 1, pp. 27-32 ATALA. 2004.

[125] Atwell, Eric. Machine learning approaches to analysis of corpora in: Bel, B and Marlien, I (editors) Proceedings of TALN04: XI Conference sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Volume 2, pp. 553-558 ATALA. 2004.

[124] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. An Arabic chatbot giving answers from the Qur'an in: Bel, B and Marlien, I (editors) Proceedings of TALN04: XI Conference sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Volume 2, pp. 197-202 ATALA. 2004.

[123] Atwell, Eric; Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Al-Osaimi, Saleh; Abu Shawar, Bayan. A review of Arabic corpus analysis tools in: Bel, B and Marlien, I (editors) Proceedings of TALN04: XI Conference sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles, Volume 2, pp. 229-234 ATALA. 2004.

[122] van Zaanen, Menno; Roberts, Andrew; Atwell, Eric. A multilingual parallel parsed corpus as gold standard for grammatical inference evaluation in: Proceedings of LREC'04 Workshop on The Amazing Utility of Parallel and Comparable Corpora, pp. 58-61 European Language Resources Association. 2004.

[121] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. A chatbot as a novel corpus visualization tool in: Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC04), vol. IV, pp. 2057-2060. 2004.

[120] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Evaluation of chatbot systems in: Proceedings of Eighth Maghrebian Conference on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence. 2004.

[119] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Accessing an information system by chatting in: Meziane, F and Metais,E (editors) Natural Language Processing and Information Systems, pp. 407-412 Springer. 2004.

[118] Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. Designing and developing a corpus of contemporary Arabic in: TALC 2004: Proceedings of the sixth Teaching And Language Corpora conference, pp. 92-93. 2004.

[117] Elliott, Debbie; Hartley, Anthony; Atwell, Eric. A fluency error categorization scheme to guide automated machine translation evaluation in: Frederking, R E and Taylor, K B (editors) Machine Translation: From Real Users to Research , pp. 64-73 Springer. 2004.

[116] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Using dialogue corpora to train a chatbot in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 681-690 Lancaster University. 2003.

[115] Atwell, Eric. A word-token-based machine learning algorithm for neoposy: coining new parts of speech in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 43-47 Lancaster University. 2003.

[114] Atwell, Eric; Gent, Paul; Medori, Julia; Souter, Clive. Detecting student copying in a corpus of science laboratory reports in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 48-53 Lancaster University. 2003.

[113] Babych, Bogdan; Hartley, Anthony; Atwell, Eric. Statistical modelling of MT output corpora for information extraction in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 62-70 Lancaster University. 2003.

[112] Elliott, Debbie; Hartley, Anthony; Atwell, Eric. Rationale for a multilingual aligned corpus for machine translation evaluation in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 191-200 Lancaster University. 2003.

[111] Atwell, Eric; Howarth, Peter; Souter, Clive. The ISLE corpus: Italian and German spoken learner's English. ICAME Journal, vol. 27, pp. 5-18. 2003.

[110] Oba, Toshifumi; Atwell, Eric. Using the HTK speech recogniser to anlayse prosody in a corpus of German spoken learner's English in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 591-598 Lancaster University. 2003.

[109] Hu, Xunlei Rose; Atwell, Eric. A survey of machine learning approaches to analysis of large corpora in: Simov, K and Osenova, P (editors) Proceedings of SProLaC: Workshop on Shallow Processing of Large Corpora, pp. 45-52 Lancaster University. 2003.

[108] Roberts, Andrew; Atwell, Eric. The use of corpora for automatic evaluation of grammar inference systems in: Archer, D, Rayson, P, Wilson, A and McEnery, T (editors) Proceedings of CL2003: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 657-661 Lancaster University. 2003.

[107] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Machine learning from dialogue corpora to generate chatbots. Expert Update journal, vol. 6, pp. 25-30. 2003.

[106] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. Using the corpus of Spoken Afrikaans to generate an Afrikaans chatbot. Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies journal, vol. 21, pp. 283-294. 2003.

[105] Atwell, Eric; Abu Shawar, Bayan; Babych, Bogdan; Elliott, Debbie; Elliott, John; Gent, Paul; Hartley, Anthony; Hu, Xunlei Rose; Medori, Julia; Oba, Toshifumi; Roberts, Andy; Scharoff, Serge; Souter, Clive. Corpus Linguistics, Machine Learning and Evaluation: Views from Leeds University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 2003.02. 2003.

[104] Al-Sulaiti, Latifa; Atwell, Eric. The Design of a Corpus of Contemporary Arabic (CCA) University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 2003.11. 2003.

[103] Duan, Xiao Yuan; Atwell, Eric. Semantic association between web pages - a lexical knowledge based method in: Proceedings of the 5th Annual CLUK Colloquium: Computational Linguistics in the United Kingdom, (CLUK 2002, University of Leeds, UK), pp. 66-76 Association for Computational Linguistics. 2002.

[102] Medori, Julia; Atwell, Eric; Gent, Paul; Souter, Clive. Customising a copying-identifier for biomedical science student reports: comparing simple and smart analyses in: O'Neill, M, Sutcliffe, R, Ryan, C, Eaton, M, and Griffith, N (editors) Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science, Proceedings of AICS02, pp. 228-233 Springer. 2002.

[101] Lievesley, Sam; Atwell, Eric. NAIL: artificial intelligence software for learning natural language in: Adriaans, P, Fernau, H and van Zaanen, M (editors) Grammatical Inference Algorithms and Applications, Proceedings of ICGI 2002, pp. 306-309 Springer. 2002.

[100] Abu Shawar, Bayan; Atwell, Eric. A Comparison Between Alice and Elizabeth Chatbot Systems University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 2002.19. 2002.

[99] Roberts, Andrew; Atwell, Eric. Unsupervised Grammar Inference Systems for Natural Language University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 2002.20. 2002.

[98] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E. A domain-independent semantic tagger for the study of meaning associations in English text in: Harry Bunt, Ielka van der Sluis and Elias Thijsse (editors) Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-4), pp. 67-80. 2001.

[97] Liang, Y; Zhang, X; Fugere, B; Atwell, E. The Internet and Web Design - Questions and Answers., 401pp. 2001.

[96] Atwell, E; Elliott, J. A corpus for interstellar communication in: Rayson, P, Wilson, A, McEnery, T, Hardie, A and Khoja, S (editors) Proceedings of CL2001: International Conference on Corpus Linguistics, pp. 31-39. 2001.

[95] Atwell, E; Elliott, J. Corpus linguistics and the design of a response message in: Proceedings of IAC'2001: the 52nd International Astronautical Congress, pp. 9.2.08. 2001.

[94] Atwell, E. Language engineering and electronic media in: Proceedings of the International European Year of Languages Seminar: Problems of Language and Identity in a Changing Europe. 2001.

[93] Elliott, J; Atwell, E. Visualisation of long distance grammatical collocation patterns in language in: IV2001: 5th International Conference on Information Visualisation, pp. 297-302. 2001.

[92] Elliott, John; Atwell, Eric; Whyte, Bill. A toolkit for visualisation of combinatorial constraint phenomena in linguistically interpreted corpora in: Proceedings of the 4th Annual CLUK Colloquium: Computational Linguistics in the United Kingdom, pp. 90-95. 2001.

[91] Elliott, John; Atwell, Eric; Whyte, Bill. First stage identification of syntactic elements in an extraterrestrial signal in: Proceedings of IAC'2001: the 52nd International Astronautical Congress, pp. 9.2.07. 2001.

[90] Atwell, E; Howarth, P; Souter, C; Baldo, P; Bisiani, R; Bonaventura, P; Herron, D; Menzel, W; Morton, R; Wick, H. User-guided system development in ISLE: Interactive Spoken Language Education. Natural Language Engineering journal, vol. 6, pp. 229-241. 2000.

[89] Menzel, W; Atwell, E; Bonaventura, P; Herron, D; Howarth, P; Morton, R; Souter, C. The ISLE Corpus of non-native spoken English in: Gavrilidou, M, Carrayannis, G, Markantionadou, S, Piperidis, S and Stainhaouer, G (editors) Proceedings of LREC2000: Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, vol. 2, pp. 957-964 European Language Resources Association. 2000.

[88] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E; Souter, C. Using lexical semantic knowledge from machine readable dictionaries for domain independent language modelling in: Gavrilidou, M, Carrayannis, G, Markantionadou, S, Piperidis, S and Stainhaouer, G (editors) Proceedings of LREC2000: Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, vol. 2, pp. 777-782 European Language Resources Association. 2000.

[87] Atwell, E; Demetriou, G; Hughes, J; Schriffin, A; Souter, C; Wilcock, S. A comparative evaluation of modern English corpus grammatical annotation schemes. ICAME Journal, vol. 24, pp. 7-23. 2000.

[86] Elliott, John; Atwell, Eric. Is anybody out there?: the detection of intelligent and generic language-like features. Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, vol. 53, pp. 13-22. 2000.

[85] Elliott, John; Atwell, Eric; Whyte, Bill. Language identification in unknown signals in: Proceedings of COLING'2000 - 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, pp. 1021-1026 Morgan Kaufman. 2000.

[84] Atwell, Eric; Demetriou, G; Hughes, J; Souter, C; Wilcock, S. Comparing linguistic interpretation schemes for English corpora in: Thorsten Brants (editors) Proceedings of COLING LINC-2000 Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora, pp. 1-10. 2000.

[83] Elliott, John; Atwell, Eric; Whyte, Bill. Increasing our ignorance of language: identifying language structure in an unknown signal in: Daelemans, W (editors) Proceedings of CoNLL-2000: International Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning, pp. 25-30 Association for Computational Linguistics. 2000.

[82] Elliott, J; Atwell, E. Language in signals: the detection of generic species-independent intelligent language features in symbolic and oral communications in: Proceedings of the 50th International Astronautical Congress, pp. 9pp. International Astronautical Federation. 1999.

[81] Atwell, Eric. The Language Machine., 64pp The British Council. 1999.

[80]Herron, Daniel; Menzel, Wolfgang; Atwell, Eric; Bisiani, Roberto; Daneluzzi, Fabio; Morton, Rachel; Schmidt, Jurgen. Automatic localization and diagnosis of pronunciation errors for second-language learners of English in: Proceedings of EUROSPEECH'99. 1999.

[79] Atwell, E S. What can SALT offer the English teaching professional?. English Teaching Professional journal, vol. 7, pp. 46-47. 1998.

[78] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. The semantic/pragmatic annotation of an air traffic control corpus for use in speech recognition in: Ljung, M (editors) Corpus-based Studies in English: Papers from Seventeenth International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 17), pp. 353-374 Rodopi. 1997.

[77] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. Generic template for the evaluation of dialogue management systems in: Proceedings of EUROSPEECH'97, vol. 4, pp. 2247 - 225. 1997.

[76] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. Large-scale lexical semantics for speech recognition support in: Proceedings of EUROSPEECH'97, vol. 5, pp. 2755 - 27. 1997.

[75] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. A generic template to evaluate integrated components in spoken dialogue systems in: Hirschberg, J, Kamm, C and Walker, M (editors) Proceedings of ACL/EACL'97 Workshop on Interactive Spoken Dialog Systems: bringing speech and NLP together in real applications, pp. 9-16. 1997.

[74] Atwell, E S; Demetriou, G; Hughes, J S; Schriffin, A; Souter, C; Wilcock, S P. Tagging email with 8 tagsets: lessons on evaluation in: Gaizauskas, R (editors) Evaluation in Speech and Language Technology: Proceedings of the SALT Club Workshop, pp. 17-25. 1997.

[73] Atwell, E S; Sutcliffe, R. Industrial parsing of software manuals: empirical qualitative comparison of parsers and parsing schemes in: Gaizauskas, R (editors) Evaluation in Speech and Language Technology: Proceedings of the SALT Club Workshop, pp. 26-28. 1997.

[72] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. A generic template to evaluate integrated components in spoken dialogue systems in: Gaizauskas, R (editors) Evaluation in Speech and Language Technology: Proceedings of the SALT Club Workshop, pp. 51-58. 1997.

[71] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. Measuring the uncertainty in grammatical classification in: Gaizauskas, R (editors) Evaluation in Speech and Language Technology: Proceedings of the SALT Club Workshop, pp. 80-82. 1997.

[70] Atwell, E S. The world of language: speech and language technology in: Bowers, R (editors) The World of Language: preliminary studies The World of Language / British Council. 1997.

[69] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. Using a commercial speech recogniser within the domain of Air Traffic Control WEB-SLS: WWW European Student Journal of Language and Speech 97-03. 1997.

[68] Zhang, X; Liu, J; Atwell, E S. A multilingual information retrieval tool hierarchy for a WWW virtual corpus in: Spyropoulos, C (editor) Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Multilinguality in the Software Industry : the AI Contribution(MULSAIC'97). 1997.

[67] Churcher, Gavin E; Atwell, Eric S; Souter, Clive. Dialogue Management Systems: a Survey and Overview University of Leeds, School of Computing Research Report 1997.06. 1997.

[66], also html Atwell, E S. Machine learning from corpus resources for speech and handwriting recognition in: Thomas, Jenny and Short, Mick (editors) Using Corpora for Language Research : Studies in Honour of Geoffrey Leech, pp. 151-166 Longman. 1996.

[65] Atwell, E S. Comparative evaluation of grammatical annotation models in: Sutcliffe, R, Koch, H and McElligott, A (editors) Industrial Parsing of Software Manuals, pp. 25-46 Rodopi. 1996.

[64] Churcher, G E; Atwell, E S; Souter, C. Dialogues in air traffic control in: Proceedings of TWLT 11 - the 11th Twente Workshop on Language Technology. 1996.

[63] Schillo, M; Atwell, E S; Souter, C; Denson, A. Language modelling for the in-car intelligent personal assistant in: Moghrabi, C (editors) Proceedings of NLP+IA96 : International Conference on Natural Language Processing and Industrial Applications. 1996.

[62] Churcher, Gavin E; Souter, Clive; Atwell, Eric S. Using a Commercial Speech Recogniser Within the Domain of Air Traffic Control University of Leeds, School of Computing Research Report 1996.04. 1996

[61] Hughes, J S; Atwell, E S. The automated evaluation of inferred word classifications in: Cohn, A G (editors) ECAI-94 Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 535-539 John Wiley and Sons. 1995.

[60] Hughes, J S; Souter, C; Atwell, E S. Automatic extraction of tagset mappings from parallel annotated corpora in: Tzoukermann E and Armstrong, S (editors) From Text to Tags: Issues in Multilingual Language Analysis, Proceedings of ACL-SIGDAT Workshop, pp. 10-17. 1995.

[59] Atwell, Eric; Churcher, Gavin; Souter, Clive. Developing a corpus-based grammar model within a commercial continuous speech recognition package in: Collingham, R (editors) Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics Workshop on Integrating Speech Recognition and Natural Language Processing Systems, pp. 5-6. 1995.

[58] Atwell, Eric; Churcher, Gavin; Souter, Clive. Developing a corpus-based grammar model within a continuous commercial speech recognition package University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 1995.20. 1995.

[57] Atwell, E S; Hughes, J S; Souter, C. AMALGAM: Automatic mapping among lexicogrammatical annotation models in: Klavans, J (editors) The Balancing Act: Combining Symbolic and Statistical Approaches to Language - Proceedings of the ACL Workshop, pp. 21-28 Association for Computational Linguistics. 1994.

[56] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E S. Machine-readable, non-compositional semantics for domain independent speech or text recognition in: Proceedings of the 2nd Hellenic-European Conference on Mathematics and Informatics, pp. 103-104. 1994.

[55] Atwell, E S; Hughes, J S; Souter, C. A unified multicorpus for training syntactic constraint models in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop, pp. 111-118 University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[54] Demetriou, G; Atwell, E S. A large vocabulary semantic network for computerised speech recognition in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop, pp. 21-28 University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[53] Demetriou, George; Atwell, Eric. Semantics in speech recognition and understanding : a survey in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[52] Hughes, John S; Atwell, Eric. A methodical approach to word class formation using automatic evaluation in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop, pp. 41-48 University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[51] Jost, Uwe; Atwell, Eric. A proposal for a mutual-information based language model in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[50] Modd, D; Atwell, E S. A word hypothesis lattice corpus - a benchmark for linguistic constraint models in: Evett, L and Rose,T (editors) Computational Linguistics for Speech and Handwriting Recognition AISB'94 Workshop, pp. 191-197 University of Leeds/AISB. 1994.

[49] Jost, Uwe; Atwell, Eric. Intrinsic error estimation for corpus-trained probabilistic language models in: Cohn, A G (editors) ECAI-94 Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 550-554 John Wiley and Sons. 1994.

[48] Souter, C; Atwell, E S. Using parsed corpora: a review of current practice in: Oostdijk, Nelleke, and de Haan, Peter (editors) Corpus-based Research into Language, pp. 143-158 Rodopi. 1994.

[47] Atwell, E S; McKevitt, P. Pragmatic linguistic constraint models for large-vocabulary speech processing in: McKevitt, P (editors) Integrating Speech and Natural Language Processing : AAAI94 Workshop Proceedings, pp. 58-64 AAAI Press. 1994.

[46] Atwell, E S (editor). Knowledge at Work in Universities - Proceedings of the second annual conference of the Higher Education Funding Council's Knowledged Based Systems Initiative, 146pp University of Leeds. 1993.

[45] Souter, C, Atwell, E S (editors) Corpus-Based Computational Linguistics, 260pp Rodopi. 1993.

[44] Arnfield, S C; Atwell, E S. A syntax based grammar of stress sequences in: Lucas, S (editors) Grammatical Inference: Theory, Applications and Alternatives, pp. 71-77 IEE Colloquium Proceedings no. 1993/092. 1993.

[43] Atwell, E S; Arnfield, S C; Demetriou, G; Hanlon, S J; Hughes, J S; Jost, U; Pocock, R; Souter, C; Ueberla, J. Multi-level disambiguation grammar inferred from English corpus, treebank and dictionary in: Lucas, S (editors) Grammatical Inference: Theory, Applications and Alternatives, pp. 91-97 IEE Colloquium Proceedings no. 1993/092. 1993.

[42] Hughes, J S; Atwell, E S. Automatically acquiring and evaluating a classification of words in: Lucas, S (editors) Grammatical Inference: Theory, Applications and Alternatives, pp. 81-88 IEE Colloquium Proceedings no. 1993/092. 1993.

[41] Jost, U; Atwell, E S. Deriving a probabilistic grammar of semantic markers from unrestricted English text in: Lucas, S (editors) Grammatical Inference: Theory, Applications and Alternatives, pp. 191-198 IEE Colloquium Proceedings no. 1993/092. 1993.

[40] Atwell, E S. Corpus-based statistical modelling of English grammar in: Souter, C, Atwell, E S (editors) Corpus-Based Computational Linguistics, pp. 195-214 Rodopi. 1993.

[39] Atwell, E S. Linguistic constraints for large-vocabulary speech recognition in: Atwell, E S (editors) Knowledge at Work in Universities - Proceedings of the second annual conference of the Higher Education Funding Council's Knowledged Based Systems Initiative, pp. 26-32 University of Leeds. 1993.

[38] Atwell, E S; Lajos, G. Knowledge and constraint management: large scale applications in: Atwell, E S (editors) Knowledge at Work in Universities - Proceedings of the second annual conference of the Higher Education Funding Council's Knowledged Based Systems Initiative, pp. 21-25 University of Leeds. 1993.

[37] Atwell, E S. The HEFC's Knowledge Based Systems Initiative. Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour Quarterly, vol. 83/84, pp. 29-34. 1993.

[36] Atwell, E S. Overview of grammar acquisition research in: Thompson, H. (editors) Workshop on Sublanguage Grammar and Lexicon Acquisition for Speech and Language : Proceedings, pp. 65-70 Human Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh. 1992.

[35] Souter, C; Atwell, E S. A richly annotated corpus for probabilistic parsing in: Weir, C, Grishman, R (editors) Proceedings of the AAAI Workshop on Statistically Based NLP Techniques, pp. 28-38 American Association for Artificial Intelligence. 1992.

[34] Souter, D C; Atwell, E S. A Richly Annotated Corpus for Probabilistic Parsing University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 1992.13. 1992.

[33] Atwell, E S; O'Donoghue, T F; Souter, C. Training Parsers with Parsed Corpora University of Leeds, School of Computing research report 1991.20. 1991.

[32] Atwell, E S. Measuring grammaticality of machine-readable text in: Bahner W, Schildt J, Viehweger (editors) Proceedings of the XIV International Congress of Linguists, vol. III, pp. 2275-2277 Akademie-Verlag. 1990.

[31] Atwell, E S. A lexical database for English learners and users: the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary in McCrank, L (editor), Databases in the Humanities and Social Sciences 4: Proceedings of the International Conference, pp21-34, New Jersey, Learned Information. 1989.

[30] Sampson, G; Haigh, R; Atwell, E S. Natural language analysis by stochastic optimisation: a progress report on Project APRIL in JETAI: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, Volume 1, pp271-287. 1989.

[29] Brockett, A; Atwell, E S; Taylor, O; Page, M. An Arabic text database and glossary system for students in Proceedings of the Seminar on Bilingual Computing in Arabic and English, pp154-162, University of Cambridge. 1989.

[28] Haigh, R; Sampson, G; Atwell, E S. Project APRIL - a progress report in Proceedings of ACL, the 26th Conference of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp104-112, New Jersey, ACL. 1988.

[27] Atwell, E S. Grammatical analysis of English by statistical pattern recognition in Kittler, J (editor), Pattern Recognition: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference, pp626-635, Berlin, Springer-Verlag. 1988.

[26] Atwell, E S. Transforming a Parsed Corpus into a Corpus Parser in Kyto, M, Ihalainen, O, Risanen, M (editors), Corpus Linguistics, Hard and Soft: Proceedings of the ICAME 8th International Conference on English Language Research on Computerised Corpora, pp61-70, Amsterdam, Rodopi. 1988.

[25] Atwell, E, and Souter, C. Experiments with a very large corpus-based grammar in Choueka, Y (ed) Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Association for Literary and Linguistics Computing (ALLC), Jerusalem. 1988.

[24] Cliff, D, and Atwell, E. A plain English advice system for operating system commands in Choueka, Y (ed) Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Association for Literary and Linguistics Computing (ALLC), Jerusalem. 1988.

[23] Atwell, E, Sampson, G, and Haigh, R. A corpus-based statistical parser in Choueka, Y (ed) Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Association for Literary and Linguistics Computing (ALLC), Jerusalem. 1988.

[22] Cliff, D; Atwell, E. Leeds Unix Knowledge Expert: a domain-dependent Expert System generated with domain-independent tools. Computer Studies Research Report 1988.3, University of Leeds. 1988.

[21] Atwell, E. An expert system for the automatic discovery of particles in Weydt, H (ed) Internationaler Kongress uber Sprachpartikeln, pp.34-35, West Berlin, Free University of Berlin. 1987.

[20] Atwell, E. Current European research in Computational Linguistics in Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour Quarterly no.62 pp.22-23. 1987.

[19] Cliff, D; Atwell, E S. Leeds Unix Knowledge Expert: a domain-dependent Expert System generated with domain-independent tools in BCS-SGES: Newsletter of the British Computer Society Specialist Group on Expert Systems no.19 pp.49-51. 1987.

[18] Atwell, E S. Constituent-likelihood grammar in Garside, R, Sampson, G, Leech, G (editors) The computational analysis of English: a corpus-based approach, London, Longman. 1987.

[17] Atwell, E S; Elliot, S. Dealing with ill-formed English text in Garside, R, Sampson, G, Leech, G (editors) The computational analysis of English: a corpus-based approach, London, Longman. 1987.

[16] Atwell, E S. How to detect grammatical errors in a text without parsing it in Maegaard, B (editor), Proceedings of EACL: the Third Conference of European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, New Jersey, ACL. 1987.

[15] Atwell, E S; Drakos, N. Pattern Recognition Applied to the Acquisition of a Grammatical Classification System from Unrestricted English Text in Maegaard, B (editor), Proceedings of EACL: the Third Conference of European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, New Jersey, ACL. 1987.

[14] Atwell, E. Natural Language Computing in the office in McManus B and Salenieks P (eds) Computers in tomorrow's society: selected papers from the 2nd BCS Young Professionals Group Conference pp.34-40, British Computer Society. 1987.

[13] Atwell, E S. A parsing expert system which learns from corpus analysis in Meijs, W, (editor), Corpus Linguistics and Beyond: Proceedings of the ICAME 7th International Conference on English Language Research on Computerised Corpora, pp227-235, Amsterdam, Rodopi. 1987.

[12] Atwell, E S. Converting the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary into a structured databasein Oakman, R, Pantonial, B (editors), ICCH87: Eighth International Conference on Computers and the Humanities, Columbia, South Carolina; Association for Computers and the Humanities. 1987.

[11] Johansson, S; Atwell, E S; Garside, R; Leech, G. The Tagged LOB Corpus - User Manual, 160pp, Bergen, Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities. 1986. (to accompany the Tagged LOB Corpus on ICAME CD-ROM)

[10] Atwell, E S. Beyond the micro: advanced software for research and teaching from computer science and artificial intelligence in Leech, G, Candlin, C (editors) Computers in English language teaching and research: selected papers from the British Council Symposium, pp167-183, London, Longman. 1986.

[9] Atwell, E S. How to detect grammatical errors in a text without parsing it. Computer Studies Research Report 216, University of Leeds. 1986.

[8] Atwell, E S. Extracting a Natural Language grammar from raw text. Computer Studies Research Report 208, University of Leeds. 1986.

[7] Atwell, E S; Leech, G; Garside, R. Analysis of the LOB Corpus: progress and prospects in Aarts, J, Meijs, W (editors), Corpus Linguistics: Proceedings of the ICAME 4th International Conference on the Use of Computer Corpora in English Language Research, pp40-52, Amsterdam, Rodopi. 1984.

[6] Leech, G; Garside, R; Atwell, E S. Recent developments in the use of computer corpora in English language research, in Transactions of the Philological Society, pp.23-40. 1983.

[5] Atwell, E S. Constituent-Likelihood Grammar in ICAME Journal of the International Computer Archive of Modern English Vol.7. 1983.

[4] Leech, G; Garside, R; Atwell, E S. The Automatic Grammatical Tagging of the LOB Corpus in ICAME Journal of the International Computer Archive of Modern English Vol.7. 1983.

[3] Johansson, S; Atwell, E S. Seminar on the use of computers in English language research in ICAME Journal of the International Computer Archive of Modern English Vol.7. 1983.

[2] Atwell, E S. LOB Corpus Tagging Project: Manual Post-edit Handbook, 45pp, Departments of Computer Studies and Linguistics, Lancaster University. 1982.

[1] Atwell, E S. LOB Corpus Tagging Project: Manual Pre-edit Handbook, Departments of Computer Studies and Linguistics, Lancaster University. 1981.